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Ritzer: Contemporary Sociological Theory Book Cover
Contemporary Sociological Theory and Its Classical Roots: The Basics, 2/e
George Ritzer, University of Maryland

Contemporary Theories of Everyday Life

Chapter Quiz



1

According to Erving Goffman, the self is:
A)a collection of traits contained in the mind.
B)contained in the genetic blueprint.
C)best understood as a looking glass.
D)a product of dramatic interaction between actor and audience.
2

The ______________________ is the physical scene that must be present in order for actors to perform.
A)locale
B)social backdrop
C)setting
D)operant condition
3

Which of the following is NOT something that actors may try to hide from their audience?
A)the previous accomplishments that support the actor's identity in a particular performance
B)the secret pleasures engaged in prior to the audience
C)the process used to produce things used in a performance
D)the insults, humiliations, or deals made so that the performance could go on
4

Which of the following describes the "back stage"?
A)It is the place where actors may reveal facts suppressed in the front stage.
B)It is always located a great distance from the front stage.
C)It is also known as the outside.
D)It involves high opportunity costs.
5

Discredited stigma are:
A)the kind of stigma that have been proven false in a court of law.
B)the kind of stigmas the actor assumes the audience will know about.
C)the kind of stigmas the actor assumes the audience will not know about.
D)body parts like arms, legs, or fingers.
6

Ethnomethodology is defined as:
A)the sociological study of anthropologists.
B)the study of the everyday behavior of ethnic groups.
C)the study of the methods that ordinary people use to accomplish their everyday lives.
D)a sophisticated study of the symbolic nature of the self.
7

Which of the following denotes the ways that actors describe and idealize a situation?
A)accounts
B)animal intution
C)intuition
D)breaching
8

Which of the following is an example of a breaching?
A)A researcher observes a heated argument.
B)A researcher pretends to not know his name, then observes people’s responses.
C)A researcher surveys students to measure their opinions.
D)A researcher observes the everyday interaction of her family.
9

As described by Harold Garfinkel, Agnes:
A)was a woman who was able to pass as a man.
B)showed Garfinkel that gender is a fixed category determined by the self.
C)was Garfinkel’s long-time research assistant.
D)showed Garfinkel that gender is a social accomplishment.
10

_____ applied psychological behaviorism to sociology.
A)Charles Horton Cooley
B)George Homans
C)Erving Goffman
D)Max Weber
11

_____ is the learning process by which the consequences of behavior serve to modify that behavior.
A)Classical conditioning
B)Modification learning
C)Operant conditioning
D)Brain busting
12

Generalization is the process of:
A)extending behavior to similar circumstances.
B)manifesting behavior only under circumstances that were successful in the past.
C)social interaction.
D)rational choice.
13

_________________ are actions with positive values.
A)Profits
B)Punishments
C)Behavior enhancers
D)Rewards
14

Rational choice theory draws on which of the following theoretical perspectives?
A)neoclassical economics
B)behaviorist psychology
C)quasi-rationic mathematics
D)symbolic interactionism
15

According to Ritzer, which of the following have rational choice sociologists studied?
A)public policies aimed at the prevention of tuberculosis
B)public policies aimed at the creation of transportation networks
C)public policies aimed at the prevention of AIDS
D)public policies aimed at ensuring gender equality in the workplace
16

_____ costs are the costs of forgoing the next-most-attractive action.
A)Opportunity
B)Penalty
C)Transaction
D)Overhead
17

Ritzer argues that the attacks of September 11, 2001 led to the _____ of Muslims.
A)rationalization
B)glorification
C)stigmatization
D)traumatization
18

According to Charles Horton Cooley, the _____ group links individuals to society.
A)intimate
B)primary
C)social
D)cultural
19

Sympathetic introspection refers to:
A)the methodology of putting oneself in the places and minds of those being studied.
B)an intimate face-to-face group.
C)ethnomethodology.
D)back stage behavior.
20

For Goffman, the _____ is a dramatic effect emerging from interaction.
A)essence of the soul
B)opportunity cost of action
C)self
D)concept of ethnos.
21

The techniques actors use to maintain their self-presentation are known as:
A)impression methodology.
B)impression management.
C)impression accountings.
D)impression processes.
22

According to Goffman, role distance is a function of:
A)one’s upbringing.
B)mystification.
C)impression management.
D)social status.
23

Goffman’s virtual social identity refers to:
A)what a person’s identity is on-line.
B)what a person ought to be.
C)what a person might be.
D)the gap between what one ought to be and what one is.
24

According to exchange theory, _____ are an actor’s preferences or values.
A)opportunity costs
B)generalizations
C)rationality structures
D)utilities
25

Dramaturgy views social life as a series of:
A)bitter disappointments.
B)dramatic performances.
C)rational calculations.
D)utility maximizations.