According to Erving Goffman, the self is:
|A)||a collection of traits contained in the mind.|
|B)||contained in the genetic blueprint.|
|C)||best understood as a looking glass.|
|D)||a product of dramatic interaction between actor and audience.|
The ______________________ is the physical scene that must be present in order for actors to perform.
Which of the following is NOT something that actors may try to hide from their audience?
|A)||the previous accomplishments that support the actor's identity in a particular performance|
|B)||the secret pleasures engaged in prior to the audience|
|C)||the process used to produce things used in a performance|
|D)||the insults, humiliations, or deals made so that the performance could go on|
Which of the following describes the "back stage"?
|A)||It is the place where actors may reveal facts suppressed in the front stage.|
|B)||It is always located a great distance from the front stage.|
|C)||It is also known as the outside.|
|D)||It involves high opportunity costs.|
Discredited stigma are:
|A)||the kind of stigma that have been proven false in a court of law.|
|B)||the kind of stigmas the actor assumes the audience will know about.|
|C)||the kind of stigmas the actor assumes the audience will not know about.|
|D)||body parts like arms, legs, or fingers.|
Ethnomethodology is defined as:
|A)||the sociological study of anthropologists.|
|B)||the study of the everyday behavior of ethnic groups.|
|C)||the study of the methods that ordinary people use to accomplish their everyday lives.|
|D)||a sophisticated study of the symbolic nature of the self.|
Which of the following denotes the ways that actors describe and idealize a situation?
Which of the following is an example of a breaching?
|A)||A researcher observes a heated argument.|
|B)||A researcher pretends to not know his name, then observes people’s responses.|
|C)||A researcher surveys students to measure their opinions.|
|D)||A researcher observes the everyday interaction of her family.|
As described by Harold Garfinkel, Agnes:
|A)||was a woman who was able to pass as a man.|
|B)||showed Garfinkel that gender is a fixed category determined by the self.|
|C)||was Garfinkel’s long-time research assistant.|
|D)||showed Garfinkel that gender is a social accomplishment.|
_____ applied psychological behaviorism to sociology.
|A)||Charles Horton Cooley|
_____ is the learning process by which the consequences of behavior serve to modify that behavior.
Generalization is the process of:
|A)||extending behavior to similar circumstances.|
|B)||manifesting behavior only under circumstances that were successful in the past.|
_________________ are actions with positive values.
Rational choice theory draws on which of the following theoretical perspectives?
According to Ritzer, which of the following have rational choice sociologists studied?
|A)||public policies aimed at the prevention of tuberculosis|
|B)||public policies aimed at the creation of transportation networks|
|C)||public policies aimed at the prevention of AIDS|
|D)||public policies aimed at ensuring gender equality in the workplace|
_____ costs are the costs of forgoing the next-most-attractive action.
Ritzer argues that the attacks of September 11, 2001 led to the _____ of Muslims.
According to Charles Horton Cooley, the _____ group links individuals to society.
Sympathetic introspection refers to:
|A)||the methodology of putting oneself in the places and minds of those being studied.|
|B)||an intimate face-to-face group.|
|D)||back stage behavior.|
For Goffman, the _____ is a dramatic effect emerging from interaction.
|A)||essence of the soul|
|B)||opportunity cost of action|
|D)||concept of ethnos.|
The techniques actors use to maintain their self-presentation are known as:
According to Goffman, role distance is a function of:
Goffman’s virtual social identity refers to:
|A)||what a person’s identity is on-line.|
|B)||what a person ought to be.|
|C)||what a person might be.|
|D)||the gap between what one ought to be and what one is.|
According to exchange theory, _____ are an actor’s preferences or values.
Dramaturgy views social life as a series of: