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Introduction to Geography, 12/e
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An Urban World

Multiple Choice Quiz



1

Which of the following statements with regard to poverty in U.S. cities is not true?
A)The majority of poor people live in central cities.
B)Men depend more than do women on public transportation.
C)The central cities have more households headed by women than men.
D)The majority of elderly people live in downtowns.
2

Before the advent of railroads all major cities were associated with:
A)elevated sites
B)mountain passes
C)waterways
D)valleys
3

Of the following urban structures, which is the largest in a real extent?
A)city
B)metropolitan area
C)town
D)suburb
4

In the concentric zone model of urban forms, what is the dominant characteristic in the third ring?
A)older homes for blue-collar workers
B)apartments for poorest sector of population
C)condominiums and town homes for wealthy
D)light industry and warehouses
5

Which of the following statements concerning the multiplier effect is correct?
A)It is based on the city's fertility rates.
B)It only increases, it does not decrease.
C)It is only useful in larger metropolitan areas.
D)The size of the effect is determined by the city's basic/nonbasic ratio.
6

Which of the following statements is an example of the site of the city?
A)Chicago is approximately 850 miles from New York City.
B)Pittsburgh is located at the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers.
C)Dubuque, Iowa, is in the heart of the midwestern Corn Belt.
D)Seattle is located in the West.
7

Urbanization increases in direct proportion with:
A)industrialization
B)crude birth rate
C)zero population growth
D)exclusionary zoning
8

The overwhelming primacy of the capital city in many developing countries is a result of:
A)a dictatorial form of government
B)past colonial heritage
C)need to keep the countryside rural to produce food
D)inability to get people to concentrate in other urban areas
9

The Boston-to-Washington corridor is an example of:
A)an urban influence zone
B)edge cities
C)an urbanized area
D)a megalopolis
10

Which is not an example of an urban function?
A)entertainment
B)administration
C)defense
D)river crossing
11

Approximately what percentage of the United States is urban?
A)26%
B)56%
C)76%
D)96%
12

Which of the following statements concerning Christaller's Central Place Theory is incorrect?
A)The number of larger towns and the number of smaller towns are roughly equal.
B)Larger towns are spaced farther apart than smaller towns.
C)If one town were eliminated, then the entire system would have to readjust.
D)Towns of the same size will be evenly spaced.
13

In a city with a basic/nonbasic ratio of 1:2.5, an increase of 10,000 basic sector jobs would generate how many new total employees in the city?
A)4,000
B)10,000
C)25,000
D)35,000
14

The total economic structure of the city equals:
A)its basic activities
B)the sum of its basic and nonbasic activities
C)the difference between its basic and nonbasic activities
D)its nonbasic activities
15

Social areas within a city are defined by:
A)businesses, industries and residences
B)economic base, ethnicity and residences
C)family status, ethnicity and social status
D)social status, family status and zoning laws
16

Which of the following continents has at least one metropolitan area with over 15 million people?
A)South America
B)Europe
C)Australia
D)Africa
17

At the beginning of the 20th century only 13 cities exceeded 1 million in population. By 2000, that figure had reached:
A)50 cities
B)125 cities
C)375 cities
D)550 cities
18

Which of the following countries generally exemplifies the rank size rule for an urban hierarchy?
A)England
B)The United States
C)Mexico
D)Vietnam
19

The land use type that usually occupies the most accessible sites in the city is:
A)commercial
B)agriculture
C)industrial
D)residential
20

What term refers to the location of a city where cargoes and people must interrupt a journey?
A)railhead
B)break-of-bulk
C)head-of-navigation
D)hinterland
21

In which region of the United States are the majority of the country's fastest growing metropolitan areas?
A)South
B)North
C)East
D)West
22

Presently, the region with the greatest percentage of people living in urban areas is:
A)China
B)Europe
C)North America
D)Africa
23

All of the following are common features of cities in the developing world except:
A)they lack modern city centers
B)all have experienced massive in-migrations from rural areas
C)most are ringed by vast squatter settlements
D)all have populations greater than their formal functions and employment bases can support
24

The most important factor necessary to city formation was:
A)access to water
B)agricultural surplus
C)spiritual leadership
D)defensible situation
25

In the urban hierarchy of world cities, which three cities rank at the very top?
A)Beijing, Tokyo, and Washington DC
B)Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Shanghai
C)London, New York, Tokyo
D)Washington DC, Moscow, Beijing
26

Self-sufficient residential areas, or microdistricts, are an urban characteristic of cities located in:
A)West Europe
B)Canada
C)Asia
D)East Europe
27

The spatial distribution based on family status is similar to which urban form model?
A)Concentric Model
B)Multi-nuclei Model
C)Peripheral Model
D)Sector Model
28

Which of the following is an example of a capital city being relocated outside the core region of its country?
A)Washington DC
B)Bangkok
C)Islamabad
D)Shanghai
29

What term refers to large nodes of office and retail activities at the margin of an urban area?
A)Peak value intersections
B)Central Business Districts
C)Edge Cities
D)Megalopolis
30

Which of the urban form models focuses on transportation arterials?
A)Sector model
B)Multiple-nuclei model
C)Peripheral model
D)Concentric model
31

How does the U.S. Census Bureau define urban places?
A)Municipalities in which the largest population center has 10,000 or more inhabitants.
B)Places having 2,500 or more inhabitants.
C)Administrative centers of localities with streets, electric lights and 1000 inhabitants.
D)Any place with over 25,000 inhabitants.
32

The majority of the top 20 megacities (10 million or more inhabitants) are located in which region?
A)Asia
B)Europe
C)South America
D)North America
33

According to the United Nations, for a city to be designated a "megacity" it must a have a minimum population of:
A)10 million
B)25 million
C)50 million
D)100 million
34

The term used to describe place a settlement in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of other areas is:
A)site
B)situation
C)settlement
D)hinterland
35

The sector of an urban area's economic structure made up of export activities is the:
A)primary sector
B)secondary sector
C)basic sector
D)non-basic sector
36

The geographer who developed the Central Place Theory to explain the size and location of settlements was:
A)Walter Christaller
B)Ernest Burgess
C)Homer Hoyt
D)Chauncy Harris
37

If the largest city in an urban hierarchy has a population of 1 million, then according to the Rank-Size rule, the 5th largest city will have a population of:
A)50,000
B)100,000
C)200,000
D)500,000
38

The model of urban land use patterns that states that large cities develop by peripheral spread from several nodes of growth is the:
A)concentric zone model
B)sector model
C)multiple nuclei model
D)peripheral model
39

Which of the following did not contribute to massive change in U.S. urban patterns in the 20th century?
A)improvement of the automobile
B)civil rights era
C)acceptance of a maximum 40-hour work week
D)development of the interstate highway system
40

The phenomenon by which the poor and minorities are trapped in a central city while job creation takes place in the suburbs is called a(n):
A)spatial mismatch
B)mobility blues
C)occupational hazard
D)unemployment effect
41

While African-Americans constitute about 12% of the US population, they comprise about what percent of all homeless?
A)10%
B)30%
C)45%
D)70%
42

Government programs to limit sprawl through the development of walkable neighborhoods with a mix of land uses is known as:
A)neotraditional progress
B)intelligent design
C)density development
D)smart growth
43

The only large city in the United States without zoning regulations is:
A)Portland, Oregon
B)Houston, Texas
C)Phoenix, Arizona
D)Chicago, Illinois
44

In comparison to cities in the United States, which of the following characteristics of Canadian cities is not correct?
A)Canadian city is more compact
B)Canadian city has higher density
C)Canadian city has taller buildings
D)Canadian city has less suburbanization