Which of the following statements with regard to poverty in U.S. cities is not true?
|A)||The majority of poor people live in central cities.|
|B)||Men depend more than do women on public transportation.|
|C)||The central cities have more households headed by women than men.|
|D)||The majority of elderly people live in downtowns.|
Before the advent of railroads all major cities were associated with:
Of the following urban structures, which is the largest in a real extent?
In the concentric zone model of urban forms, what is the dominant characteristic in the third ring?
|A)||older homes for blue-collar workers|
|B)||apartments for poorest sector of population|
|C)||condominiums and town homes for wealthy|
|D)||light industry and warehouses|
Which of the following statements concerning the multiplier effect is correct?
|A)||It is based on the city's fertility rates.|
|B)||It only increases, it does not decrease.|
|C)||It is only useful in larger metropolitan areas.|
|D)||The size of the effect is determined by the city's basic/nonbasic ratio.|
Which of the following statements is an example of the site of the city?
|A)||Chicago is approximately 850 miles from New York City.|
|B)||Pittsburgh is located at the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers.|
|C)||Dubuque, Iowa, is in the heart of the midwestern Corn Belt.|
|D)||Seattle is located in the West.|
Urbanization increases in direct proportion with:
|B)||crude birth rate|
|C)||zero population growth|
The overwhelming primacy of the capital city in many developing countries is a result of:
|A)||a dictatorial form of government|
|B)||past colonial heritage|
|C)||need to keep the countryside rural to produce food|
|D)||inability to get people to concentrate in other urban areas|
The Boston-to-Washington corridor is an example of:
|A)||an urban influence zone|
|C)||an urbanized area|
Which is not an example of an urban function?
Approximately what percentage of the United States is urban?
Which of the following statements concerning Christaller's Central Place Theory is incorrect?
|A)||The number of larger towns and the number of smaller towns are roughly equal.|
|B)||Larger towns are spaced farther apart than smaller towns.|
|C)||If one town were eliminated, then the entire system would have to readjust.|
|D)||Towns of the same size will be evenly spaced.|
In a city with a basic/nonbasic ratio of 1:2.5, an increase of 10,000 basic sector jobs would generate how many new total employees in the city?
The total economic structure of the city equals:
|A)||its basic activities|
|B)||the sum of its basic and nonbasic activities|
|C)||the difference between its basic and nonbasic activities|
|D)||its nonbasic activities|
Social areas within a city are defined by:
|A)||businesses, industries and residences|
|B)||economic base, ethnicity and residences|
|C)||family status, ethnicity and social status|
|D)||social status, family status and zoning laws|
Which of the following continents has at least one metropolitan area with over 15 million people?
At the beginning of the 20th century only 13 cities exceeded 1 million in population. By 2000, that figure had reached:
Which of the following countries generally exemplifies the rank size rule for an urban hierarchy?
|B)||The United States|
The land use type that usually occupies the most accessible sites in the city is:
What term refers to the location of a city where cargoes and people must interrupt a journey?
In which region of the United States are the majority of the country's fastest growing metropolitan areas?
Presently, the region with the greatest percentage of people living in urban areas is:
All of the following are common features of cities in the developing world except:
|A)||they lack modern city centers|
|B)||all have experienced massive in-migrations from rural areas|
|C)||most are ringed by vast squatter settlements|
|D)||all have populations greater than their formal functions and employment bases can support|
The most important factor necessary to city formation was:
|A)||access to water|
In the urban hierarchy of world cities, which three cities rank at the very top?
|A)||Beijing, Tokyo, and Washington DC|
|B)||Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Shanghai|
|C)||London, New York, Tokyo|
|D)||Washington DC, Moscow, Beijing|
Self-sufficient residential areas, or microdistricts, are an urban characteristic of cities located in:
The spatial distribution based on family status is similar to which urban form model?
Which of the following is an example of a capital city being relocated outside the core region of its country?
What term refers to large nodes of office and retail activities at the margin of an urban area?
|A)||Peak value intersections|
|B)||Central Business Districts|
Which of the urban form models focuses on transportation arterials?
How does the U.S. Census Bureau define urban places?
|A)||Municipalities in which the largest population center has 10,000 or more inhabitants.|
|B)||Places having 2,500 or more inhabitants.|
|C)||Administrative centers of localities with streets, electric lights and 1000 inhabitants.|
|D)||Any place with over 25,000 inhabitants.|
The majority of the top 20 megacities (10 million or more inhabitants) are located in which region?
According to the United Nations, for a city to be designated a "megacity" it must a have a minimum population of:
The term used to describe place a settlement in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of other areas is:
The sector of an urban area's economic structure made up of export activities is the:
The geographer who developed the Central Place Theory to explain the size and location of settlements was:
If the largest city in an urban hierarchy has a population of 1 million, then according to the Rank-Size rule, the 5th largest city will have a population of:
The model of urban land use patterns that states that large cities develop by peripheral spread from several nodes of growth is the:
|A)||concentric zone model|
|C)||multiple nuclei model|
Which of the following did not contribute to massive change in U.S. urban patterns in the 20th century?
|A)||improvement of the automobile|
|B)||civil rights era|
|C)||acceptance of a maximum 40-hour work week|
|D)||development of the interstate highway system|
The phenomenon by which the poor and minorities are trapped in a central city while job creation takes place in the suburbs is called a(n):
While African-Americans constitute about 12% of the US population, they comprise about what percent of all homeless?
Government programs to limit sprawl through the development of walkable neighborhoods with a mix of land uses is known as:
The only large city in the United States without zoning regulations is:
In comparison to cities in the United States, which of the following characteristics of Canadian cities is not correct?
|A)||Canadian city is more compact|
|B)||Canadian city has higher density|
|C)||Canadian city has taller buildings|
|D)||Canadian city has less suburbanization|